Saturday, July 3, 2010


In memory of the great gandhian who I know ,the creator of the wondrous movement 'Ayalkoottam',editor of 'Darshanam'(monthly) a platform for social awareness, D.Pankajakshakurup .

By M.K.Gandhi

( Three volumes. Total pages-846 compiled and edited by V.B. Kher)

To Gandhiji, the motive behind every work is the realization of truth.Even a social and political system, in order to be far reaching, must have truthful urges serving as its basis.To him, therefore,Swaraj means self- control by each individual.A society where the individuals do not possess this quality is not ’really free’.When the individuals can control themselves,there is no need for external interference, so that there is a state of enlightened anarchy,and each individual is ‘really free’.Dictatorship is not a suitable means for the attainment of this ideal;For it does not pave the way for the withering away of the state;rather, it has a tendency to perpetuate violence and struggle for power.Gandhiji, therefore,champions decentralized democracy with ’ Panchayati Raj’ as its corner-stone.
On a similar ground, he decries the western pattern of industrialization.In the west,industrialization has caused concentration of economic power,economic inequality,and the conflict between capital and labour. Such a system is bound to hinder the unfolding of human personality. Therefore the use of machinery should be reduced to an essential minimum, and attention should be given to the development of each village as a self-contained unit ‘manufacturing mainly for use'.'"Provided this character of the industry is maintained, there would be no objection to villages using even modern machines and tools that they can afford to use. Only, they should not be used as a means of exploitation of others’. Gandhiji has also much to speak about bread labour, labour dispute, and similar other problems. His views on all these subjects and their interrelations have been admirably brought together in these three volumes. The book will be of immense help to every serious student of Gandhism.

By M.K.Gandhi

This book contains a bunch of letters of Gandhiji, translated from the original Gujarati, dealing mostly with the topics connected with the various phases of the independence struggle.

Letters, really speaking, mirror the contents of the writer’s mind. The different moods of the writer, reflecting his fears and disappointments, hopes and joys, humour, love, or sympathy, can be felt in the pages of this book. The letters cover the entire period of the hectic days of our national struggle from 1921 to 1947. It is fascinating to read what Gandhiji’s thoughts were on some of the important events that have shaped India’s future-Bardoli ‘satyagraha’; Round Table Conference; Bihar earthquake; Haripur Congress; Naokhali, Delhi, and Punjab disturbances; etc.
Students of history will derive much benefit from these letters, and the general reader will get a valuable insight into the personality of Gandhiji.


By Mahadev Desai

Bardoli’s name has been permanently inscribed in the pages of modern Indian history. The non-violent battle waged by the peasant population of this little taluk of Gujarat for seven months during 1928, under the inspiring leadership of Vallabhbhai Patel,was aimed at securing remission of an increased levy in land revenue.The satyagraha drew the attention of people even from remote countries and created a stir in the British Parliament .Its triumph acted as a fillip to India’s freedom struggle.Gandhiji wrote then:’Though the object of the proposed satyagraha is local and specific, it has an all-India application…..The struggle has an indirect bearing on swaraj’(p.45)
The author of this book, Mahadev Desai ,a martyr in the cause of India’s freedom, who worked for many years in close association with Gandhiji.The book unfolds,in arresting language,the history of Bardoli satyagraha and its sequel, in two parts. When it was first published in 1929, the volume must have acted as an immediate tonic to the freedom movement.Now this book will be read like a story by the young generation.All the same, the author has made the book authentic with numerous quotations from actual correspondence and many statistical details .

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